City history

Karlsruhe was founded just under 300 years ago by Margrave Charles William (Karl) of Baden. Legend tells that the vision of a star-shaped city came to him in the night. The dream of Karlsruhe (“Charles’ Repose”) was born!

The foundation stone of the new fan-shaped city of Karlsruhe was laid on 17 June 1715. Standing at the centre of the ‘fan’, 32 ‘axes’ extend like rays from Karlsruhe Palace. This grand building, with its characteristic Baden-style architecture, has impressed many a distinguished visitors – such as Voltaire, Goethe, Napoleon and Heinrich von Kleist.

A city without walls, which welcomes friends and guests – this is how Karlsruhe has always seen itself.


Unique layout, elite university and city of justice

The city’s unique fan-shaped layout has brought Karlsruhe global attention. And the city’s many neoclassical buildings designed by Friedrich Weinbrenner continue to attract visitors from every corner of the globe.

The emblem of Karlsruhe – the pyramid – was built in 1823, and the city’s technical college opened two years later. In 1950, the Federal Court of Justice of Germany was established in Karlsruhe, followed a year later by the Federal Constitutional Court. With this, Karlsruhe became the main seat of German jurisdiction.

Ever since the city hosted the German Federal Garden Show in 1967, Karlsruhe has continued to build on itsreputation as a ‘green city’ of parks and gardens.

With almost 300,000 inhabitants, Karlsruhe is Baden’s main metropolis. The city’s unique fan-shaped layout hints at the excellent weather here – residents and guests in Karlsruhe really enjoy the sunny side of life! With itsmediterranean climate, Karlsruhe has it all: chic lifestyle, gourmet cuisine, and a uniquely ‘green’ atmosphere with over 800 hectares of parks.


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