Facts and figures

Karlsruhe, the former state capital of Baden, lies in the southwest of Germany, on the west border of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. The city lies on the east bank of the Rhine river, bordering the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) to the northwest, and France to the west

Geographical information

Position: 8° 24’ 18” E, 49° 00’ 54” N (point of reference: the tower on Karlsruhe Palace). The 49th parallel runs just to the south of the lake in the city gardens. The city of Karlsruhe covers an area measuring 173.49 sq km (66.98 sq miles), measuring 16.8 km (10.44 miles) from north to south and 19.3 km (11.99 miles) from east to west. The city boundary is 82.4 km (51.2 miles) long, 11.5 km (7.15 miles) of which is bordered by the Rhine.



Karlsruhe is famous for its pleasant climate. Its location in the broad Rhine valley, sheltered by nearby low mountains, means that Karlsruhe enjoys average temperatures of 20°C (68°F) in the summer, making it the second warmest city in Germany. Along with nearby Freiburg, the famous fan-shaped city of Karlsruhe is blessed by the most days of sunshine per year (approx. 140). The southern European atmosphere in Karlsruhe is underscored by its unique parks and open areas: nigh on 60% of Karlsruhe is a park or grassy area.



The market square in Karlsruhe city centre (Marktplatz) is 114.9 metres (377 ft) above sea level. The lowest point in the city is where the Rhine enters the oil terminal which is exactly 100 metres (328 ft) above sea level. The highest point above sea level is the animal park in the Grünwettersbach area of Karlsruhe (322.7 metres, 1059 feet).



About 300,000 people live in Karlsruhe. The ratio of men to women is 49:51.

For more information and statistics, please contact the Bureau for City Development.


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